The Committee on the Rights of the Child has reviewed Mongolia’s implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 2 June 2017 and issued the following Concluding observations on 12 July 2017.
15. The Committee is seriously concerned about the growing and persistent inequality in the State party and reports of increasing instances of discrimination, with impunity, against children in marginalized and disadvantaged situations, such as children from low-income families, migrant and unregistered children, children from rural areas, children with disabilities, children from ethnic and linguistic minority groups and indigenous groups, and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender children, particularly in schools and dormitories.
16. The Committee urges the State party to adopt concrete measures to strengthen compliance with its legislation prohibiting such discrimination and to eliminate stereotypes and attitudes leading to discrimination, including by:
(a) Encouraging reporting of cases of discrimination;
(b) Ensuring prompt and appropriate action against the perpetrators;
(c) Implementing awareness-raising and educational activities targeting children, families and professionals working with and for children, such as teachers, social workers, personnel of childcare institutions and local government officials.
Respect for the views of the child
18. Recalling its previous recommendation (CRC/C/MNG/CO/3-4, para. 32) and, with reference to its general comment No. 12 (2009) on the right of the child to be heard, the Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Provide sufficient human, technical and financial resources to effectively implement the strategy to promote child participation and the Law on Child Protection in order to allow children to express their views and to ensure that their views are given due consideration throughout the decision-making process on issues that affect them;
(b) Ensure the effective implementation of legislation recognizing the right of a child to be heard in relevant legal proceedings, including by establishing systems and/or procedures for social workers and courts to comply with the principle;
(c) Conduct programmes and awareness-raising activities to promote the meaningful and empowered participation of all children within the family, community and schools, with particular attention to girls and to children in vulnerable situations, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender children and children with disabilities.