Түүх / History
LGBTI books released
The LGBT Centre’s Literary Committee has published and released 2 books just in time for the Human Rights Day. The poetry translation anthology of the best global queer poetry written in the past 200 years and A. Zorig’s “Homo Liber”, a collection of essays, mark the first wave of LGBTI literature in Mongolian.
Constitutional amendment proposal delivered
The LGBT Centre began engaging the Parliament on the need to include SOGIE as protected, non-discrimination grounds from 2011. As the Constitutional reform discussions are gaining force, the Centre delivered its updated proposal on 21 November 2017.
In connection with the start of the new Criminal Code implementation from 1 July 2017, the Centre trained the first batch of 100 police officers on hate crimes in August. The training programme and the resources are modelled on the OSCE/ODIHR hate crimes modules and our foreign expert was Gerard Hogan, a retired US Department of Justice prosecutor with 36 years of experience in prosecuting hate crimes, with Mongolian expert Anaraa Nyamdorj as a co-trainer. Further steps to develop hate crimes protocols for various criminal justice actors such as the police, prosecutors and judges are being undertaken from September onwards with the Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs, State Prosecutor General’s Office and the Police General Department.
The LGBT Centre submitted a proposal to the Ministry of Social Welfare and Labour and the Working Group on Labour Law on 1 August 2017 to include gender identity correctly in the new Labour Law draft. The draft included both sexual orientation and gender identity as protected grounds, however, gender identity was included as gender dysphoria. In order to uphold scientific and non-pathologising terminology in line with human rights principles, the correct term for gender identity was proposed by the Centre for use in the law.
New Criminal Code comes into force
The historic Criminal Code that outlaws any discrimination, including on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, comes into force today. The Centre has been working towards hate crimes regulation since its founding, and the present regulation is a step in the right direction that gives us a full opportunity to improve the regulations around hate crimes in Mongolia.
On 13-15 June 2017, the Centre together with the Association of Social Work Teachers and Educators and Onol Arga NGO co-organised a training for human resources faculty staff of different universities to help them include sexual orientation and gender identity issues in the labour and human resources management curricula. National University of Mongolia, Mongolian National Technical University and other major universities are launching new curricula with LGBTI and SOGI content from autumn 2017.
On 1-4 June 2017, the Centre together with the Association of Social Work Teachers and Educators and Onol Arga NGO co-organised a training for social work department faculty staff of different universities to help them include sexual orientation and gender identity issues in the social work curricula. National University of Mongolia, Mongolian National Education University, Mongolian Medical Sciences University, Mongolian National Technical University and other major universities are launching new curricula with LGBTI and SOGI content from autumn 2017.
Youth leaders of the “Youth Leadership for Human Rights Program-2016” organised a same-sex romance-themed comic story competition and the Centre published Mongolia’s first LGBT-themed comic book “Love is love” with the prize-winning stories.
The LGBT Centre awarded LGBT Milestone of the Year Award by the Asian LGBTI organisations in recognition of its groundbreaking work to improve the human rights situation of LGBTI people in Mongolia.
Arts-4-Rights auction organised together with Valiant Art for the first time, raising over 7 million MNT.
The new Criminal Code is passed on 3 December 2015 outlawing discrimination as a criminal offence, with protected grounds including sexual orientation and gender identity. Aggravated assaults are considered a hate crime.
2015/8/28-2015/9/5 The third Equality & Pride Days for the first time feature a public, open-air live concert, Voices-4-Equality. Many bands and singers like Nisvanis, Mohanik, etc., came to contribute their voices to the equality cause.
The Centre submitted a hate crimes monitoring report to the ILGA Europe for reporting to OSCE.
The first annual Youth Leadership for Human Rights Program is implemented, funded by the Canadian government.
2014/9/19-2014/10/3 The second Equality & Pride Days featured the first public Walk for Equality on 20 September.
The Centre launches Rainbow Corner housed in the American Cultural and Information Center within the Metropolitan City Library with the support from the US Embassy. The Rainbow Corner is the first public facility in Mongolia where information on LGBTI issues, books and magazines are available.
Arts-4-Rights strategy developed by the Centre, the first IDAHOT Visual Arts Competition organised.
“LGBT people and poverty” survey results are launched.
Thanks to the continued advocacy by the Centre, the Medical Professional Ethics Guidelines include non-discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
The Centre organises the first Pride Week in Mongolia between 22 and 28 September 2013.
The Centre conducts the first comprehensive research into the situation of LGBT people in Mongolia that forms a chapter in the National Human Rights Commission’s 12th annual report. The Legal Standing Committee of the Parliament passes a resolution containing recommendations for the implementation of the recommendations in the report, including around LGBTI issues on 3 July 2013.
One-day training for psychologists, psychiatrists and academics working on mental health issues organised by the LGBT Centre together with Dr Miriam Ehrenberg of the New York Human Development Institute on the mental health needs of LGBT people.
The Centre organises the first IDAHOT event in Mongolia on 17 May 2011 showcasing the OutRight Action International (IGLHRC)’s documentary Courage Unfolds with Mongolian subtitles, a panel discussion with human rights experts and a community theatre performance.
OutRight Action International (formerly IGLHRC) awards Felipa de Souza prize, international human rights award, to the Centre for its contribution towards improving the lives of LGBT people in Mongolia.
The Centre’s first nation-wide, multimedia advocacy campaign “End Discrimination!” launches. Public service announcements featuring social activists and pop stars are broadcast on three televisions and one radio for a period of four months, launching the first truly public discourse on LGBT rights in Mongolia.
Preparations for the UPR take place throughout the year. Submissions are made on behalf of the minorities and separately for LGBT issues. 7 recommendations pertaining to LGBT people are obtained.
The Centre finally receives its registration certificate as a public interest, LGBT rights NGO following years and months of being denied a registration as an NGO. Domestic support through the NHRC of Mongolia and the Human Rights Advisor to the President, Ms Oyungerel, and international support played a huge role in highlighting the discrimination experienced by the founders in the exercise of their freedom of association and righting the situation.
After going to the Legal Entities Registration Authority in charge of registering NGOs at least 2-3 times every week, the Centre demanded and received a written explanation for the denial of the registration. The denial was fully discriminatory in its language and spirit and the Centre launched its call to the domestic human rights mechanisms and the international society to highlight its plight.
The Centre relaunches its registration efforts.
The Centre researches and submits its first international advocacy report on the LBT issue for the UN CEDAW.
The Ministry of Justice does not accept the registration documents to establish the LGBT Centre, demanding that the documents contain an explanation of terms lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender by the Mongolian Academy of Sciences.
Founding documents for the LGBT Centre are compiled and delivered to the Ministry of Justice, then responsible for the registration of NGOs.
The founding meeting of the LGBT Centre takes place with five founders.